History of the Union of Architects of Kazakhstan
The Public Association “Union of Architects of the Republic of Kazakhstan” (hereinafter – UARK) is the oldest creative union formed on a voluntary basis in 1936 to solve professional creative tasks aimed at creating a full-fledged human environment by means of architecture and urban planning, and acting in accordance with the Constitution and other legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Over the years of its existence, from a small group of specialists who participated in the first congress, the Union of Architects of Kazakhstan has grown into a large creative organization formed by 14 regional branches, as well as primary organizations of design institutes, scientific institutions and state bodies of architecture of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT
The development of the Union of Architects (UA) of Kazakhstan, like the history of the creation of Kazakh architecture of the Soviet and post-Soviet periods, developed in accordance with the historical stages of the development of the republic:
- before the Great Patriotic War (pre-war period);
- war years (1941-1945);
- post-war years and the period of restoration of peaceful production;
- 60-80 years of the Soviet period (the period of developed socialism and stagnation);
- the formation of the UARK in new conditions;
- the Union of Architects of Kazakhstan today
All stages differ from each other in the nature of the tasks facing the architects and the peculiarities of their solution, depending on the possibilities of society in a specific period of time.
By the beginning of the 30s, there were only 22 cities in Kazakhstan. They can also be called conditionally, since they were more or less large settlements, for the most part without elementary urban amenities. The population of all cities numbered barely 500 thousand people, and they were built up mainly with one-story buildings made of adobe, adobe bricks, and wood. Occasionally there were buildings made of baked bricks. The streets were unpaved, water supply and sewerage systems were almost completely absent.